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The benefits and risks of Bariatric surgery


What is Bariatric surgery?

Bariatric surgery used to treat obesity. This surgery is a procedure to extract fat from a person’s body. This surgery is performed using two main procedures, which are Gastric Bypass Surgery and Sleeve Gastrectomy or Billiopancreatic Diversion.

Sleeve Gastrectomy or Billiopancreatic Diversion

This procedure is performed in two methods; the first method involves the use of a gastric band which is used to reduce the size of the stomach. In the second method, a portion of the stomach is extracted surgically.

Advantages
  • The recovery of the patient after the process is very fast
  • This surgery stops any aches related to obesity
  • Patients who suffer hypertension can see benefits of this treatment in a span of a couple of 2-4 months.
  • Diabetic patients who are suffering from obesity can be treated using this surgery.
  • It can used to improve cardiovascular conditions ( breathing disorders, high cholesterol levels)
Disadvantages
  • After this disease, you are more prone to nutritional deficiencies such as Osteoporosis (condition were bones become weak and brittle).
  • Skin infections and nerve problems are some of the other complications post the procedure
  • Blood clots and stomach ulcers
  • The patient is more prone to lung disorders
Gastric Bypass surgery

Gastric bypass surgery refers to a surgical procedure in which the stomach is divided into a small upper pouch and a much larger lower “remnant” pouch and then the small intestine is rearranged to connect to both. Surgeons have developed several different ways to reconnect the intestine, thus leading to several different gastric bypass (GBP) procedures. Any GBP leads to a marked reduction in the functional volume of the stomach, accompanied by an altered physiological and physical response to food.

Advantages
  • The surgery is reversible, and it is not very painful
  • Its puts an end to all health issues related to obesity
  • It reduce the risk of heart attacks
  • It is the right surgery for diabetic patients, who are also suffering from obesity
  • This procedure is safe and can be performed on adults ranging from all ages
Disadvantages
  • This surgery does not respond well to people who have an addiction to alcohol
  • The patient can get affected by nutritional deficiencies post the treatment
  • Patients often fail to follow diet requirements of the treatment
  • Wounds caused during the surgery heal only over a long period of time
  • Post the treatment, the patient is more prone to be affected by dumping syndrome (a condition that occurs when parts of the stomach are extracted).